Although the world has been moving forward fast for the past 100 years, the reality is that there are still a lot of new discoveries to be made. When people look back and think of 2021, they will see just what has been discovered during this momentous year.
Vaccine for Covid-19
Many of us are aware of the pandemic caused by the coronavirus virus, but did you know that there is a vaccine available for people to build up their immunity? The first doses are rolling out now, so we want to make sure you know what the vaccine does and how it protects you. The vaccine is made to protect against the 2019-nCoV virus, which has been traveling the world and causing deaths, illness, as well as long-term effects on those who have caught it badly. Countries have gone into lockdowns and had to quarantine certain areas to ensure there are limited transmissions. Luckily, these vaccines are providing a better chance for those who are at risk, as well as protecting the vulnerable.
Malaria Vaccine for kids
One of the most common travel vaccines administered in the United States is for travelers heading to nations where malaria is prevalent. Large areas such as Africa, as well as the Caribbean, and South Asia, to name a few, are areas considered to be higher in malaria transmissions. However, children living in these malaria-prone areas are not the only ones at risk. According to the CDC’s 2016 data, 22 percent of unvaccinated U.S. children ages 2-17 received a malaria vaccine to better protect them from getting the disease.
Quantum information science is an emerging field that takes advantage of the fact that information, like physical matter, is made of particles. Because the properties of these particles can be described using quantum mathematics, it is possible to find measurements that perfectly describe that property and can therefore encode information. That is why the 127-qubit is an amazing invention for the quantum science world and will be a significant milestone in technical computer improvements.
Treatment for blindness may be possible
An estimated 6.5 million Americans have some form of vision loss, and a further predicted 2.3 million of those people suffer from blindness. While blindness itself can be a devastating condition, it does not have to be the end of a person’s life. According to the National Eye Institute, blindness may be caused by many things, including disease, injury, congenital conditions, and environmental factors, so any advancements in treatments being made in this area can potentially help those who previously felt like they may have to live this way forever.
New species of early humans
Scientists have found a new species of early humans in South Africa. The discovery adds further weight to the idea that Neanderthals and humans co-existed in Europe. The new species, Homo Naledi, was found in a cave in Dinaledi, several hundred km (miles) from Johannesburg, South Africa. Whilst this was initially discovered in 2013, more evidence has become known for scientists to look at and determine who they were and what relation they have to us.
James Webb Space Telescope
The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is NASA’s next-generation space telescope. It will study some of the most distant and largest objects in the universe, including the earliest galaxies and the universe’s oldest stars. The JWST will observe the entire electromagnetic spectrum, from extremely low-frequency radio waves to visible light.